Spring MVC Form Number Validation

In this example, we can validate user input within this number range of 19 to 59. We can use these @Min () and @Max() annotations.

spring_mvc_form_number_validation

In this example of the application validating age field when enter on this field value is less than 59 and above than 19. Then this value is not range because the range of age is between 19 to 59.

Development Process:
    1. Keep eclipse IDE ready
    2. Project Structure
    3. Add the jar file
    4. Configure Spring DispacherServlet
    5. Add configuration to file
    6. Create Bean Class
    7. Create View Page
    8. Create Controller Class
    9. Run the App

1. Keep eclipse IDE ready
2. Project Structure

spring_mvc_form_number_validation

3. Add the jar file

4. Configure Spring DispacherServlet 
web.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_4.xsd"id="WebApp_ID" version="4.0">


<display-name>spring-mvc-number-validation-demo</display-name>

<absolute-ordering />
<!-- Spring MVC Configs -->
<!--  Configure Spring MVC Dispatcher Servlet -->
<servlet>
<servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
<init-param>
<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
<param-value>/WEB-INF/dispatcher-servlet.xml</param-value>
</init-param>
<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
</servlet>
<!-- Set up URL mapping for Spring MVC Dispatcher Servlet -->
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

→ This file is created in the WEB-INF directory of the application(spring_mvc_number_validation_demo).

5. Add configuration to file
dispatcher-servlet.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd">


<!-- Add support for component scanning -->
<context:component-scan base-package="com.poc" />
<!-- Add support for conversion, formatting and validation support -->
<mvc:annotation-driven/>
<!-- Define Spring MVC view resolver -->
<bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
<property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/view/" />
<property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />
</bean>
</beans>

6. Create Bean Class
User.java:

package com.poc.controller.bean;

import javax.validation.constraints.Max;
import javax.validation.constraints.Min;


public class User {
private String firstName;
private String lastName;
@Min(value = 19, message = "This must be equal or higher than 19")
@Max(value = 59, message = "This must be equal or not higher than 59")
private int age;

public User() {

}

public String getFirstName() {

return firstName;
}

public void setFirstName(String firstName) {

this.firstName = firstName;
}

public String getLastName() {
return lastName;
}


public void setLastName(String lastName) {
this.lastName = lastName;
}

public int getAge() {
return age;

}

public void setAge(int age) {
this.age = age;
      }
}

→ Add age validation rule in this bean class we are using @Min(value = 19, message = “This must be equal or higher than 19”) and@Max(value = 59, message = “This must be equal or not higher than 59” )are validating field user can input between 19 to 59 range if a failed message is displayed.

8. Create Controller Class
HomeController.java:

package com.poc.controller;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

@Controller
public class HomeController {

@RequestMapping("/")
public String showPage() {
return "home";

       }
}

UserController.java:

package com.poc.controller;

import javax.validation.Valid;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.validation.BindingResult;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ModelAttribute;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import com.poc.controller.bean.User;


@Controller
@RequestMapping("/user")
public class UserController{

@RequestMapping("/showForm")
public String showForm(Model theModel) {

// create a User object
User user=new User();

theModel.addAttribute("user",user);

return "user-form";

}

@RequestMapping("/processForm")

public String processValidateAgeForm(@ModelAttribute("user") @Valid User user,BindingResult bindingResult){

if (bindingResult.hasErrors()) {

return "user-form";

}

else {

return "user-detail";

      }
   }
}

→ @Valid is applying the validation rules on the User bean class object.
→ The output of the validation is placed on the BindingResult Interface.

9. Run the App

spring_mvc_form_number_validation
spring_mvc_form_number_validation
spring_mvc_form_number_validation

Conclusion:
This example is explained How to use number validation? How do apply validation rules to the Bean class? How to use <form:errors/>of the Spring MVC tag?

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